Each year, the U.S. State Department issues an extensive report called the Trafficking in Persons Report, which discusses human trafficking globally. Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo introduces the report as follows:
“This year’s report focuses on effective ways local communities can address Human Trafficking proactively and how national governments can support and empower them. Local communities are the most affected by this abhorrent crime, and are also the first line of defense against human trafficking. By engaging and training law enforcement, religious leaders, teachers, tribal elders, business executives, and communities, we become more vigilant and learn to identify and address vulnerabilities swiftly. Proactive community-driven measures strengthen our ability to protect our most vulnerable and weaken a criminal’s ability to infiltrate, recruit, and exploit. I have experienced firsthand that individuals closes to a problem are often the best resource to solving it, which is why the Department prioritizes equipping and empowering front-line civil society leaders.
Modern slavery has no place in the world and I intend to ensure, through diplomatic engagement and increased action, that the United States government’s leadership’s combatting this global threat is sustained in the years to come.” Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo
You can view the full report here, however, it is organized (after an interesting but lengthy introduction) alphabetically by country, with the United States being at the end of an almost 500 page report. To view a section of the report containing the United States click here.
When viewing the report, you will see a Tier Rating for each country. The Tiers are defined as follows in the TIP Report:
Tier 1: Countries whose governments fully meet the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) minimum standards.
Tier 2: Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.
Tier 2 Watchlist: Countries where governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards AND:
- The absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing;
- There is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to control severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year; OR
- The determination that a country is making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with minimum standards was based on commitments by the country to take additional steps over the next year.
Tier 3: Countries where governments do not fully meet the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.
The Minimum Standards referred to above and found here, are excerpted from the Introductory section of the TIP Report.
Finally, one of the organizations PATH receives newsletters from is the U.S. Catholic Sisters Against Human Trafficking. They are Sponsors of the newsletter Stop Trafficking! (here), and their July, 2018 issue has an article entitled “Announcement of 2018 TIP Report where Secretary of State Mihael R. Pompeo talks more about human trafficking and the TIP report. Also in the newsletter is a “Critique of 2018 TIP Report” that shares the views of U.S. Senator Bob Menendez (D-NJ). Senator Menendez has introduced the Trafficking in Persons Report Integrity Act to reform the ranking process.